most frequently with the past. It is most usual with intransitive verbs, but is also used
with transitive ones, as in tello-ga, he wasted (thy property).
The Vesb Substantive is conjugated as follows.
The base is usually <*, shortened from the Eastern Bengali ft, but the latter is
also common. Hence, throughout the conjugation, a may be substituted for the first o.
1- 08U Ori.
2. osot o*b.
3. ose o*i.
!• arito osildng.
2. otile osilai.
3. osil osild.
The Future is Situo or dita*, I shall be, from the root (Aid, to become, and is oonju-
The Infinitive is ona, to be.
Oil, he became, is frequent in verbs compounded from Tibeto-Burman roots, as in
tang-oily became dear.
The following paradigms illustrate the most common forms of the Finite Verb.
Presenfc^-This closely agrees, in some of its forms, with the Bengali of Eastern
Sylhet and Cacfrar. For the sake of comparison, I give the two dialects in parallel
Sing. 1. Mauri, I beat. jditrdm, I go.
2, kildr j&ttr&y.
3. kildr jdUra.
Plur. 1. kilaydr or kiliy&r jaiyar.
2. Jcilai jditray.
3. kilaitard or kilaitrd fditrd.
As other examples, we may quote koriydr, we make; kortdrd (with long a in the
penultimate),, they make; paitra, they get. Usually, however, in the specimens the
pleonastic suffixes gd or td, or even both, are added* Thus, we find in the specimen
forms such as the following :—
1. ja&ri-gd or ja,ori-ga> I go jaiyar-ga.
2* jaur-ga or jar-g& j&ri-ga or jaori-gd-td.
3. jdr-gt ji^gA.
The forms above given for the second and third persons plural are probably really
singular. Another example of these suffixes is koror-t&> you arta doing.
There is one example of the ordinary Periphrastic Present of Bengali It is
kbowdsoi, thou art giving to eat The Bengali Present Participle, joite, appears in the
second specimen from Sylhet, with the pleonastic suffix go, in the sense of a Present
Definite. Viz., j&ite-g&, is going.